It is common for pet owners to breed their pets. It happens with dogs especially. Reptiles are not different. People turn into their hobby breeding their bearded dragons. Not breeding will be stressful for a bearded dragon. The recommendation is to at least breed them once.
The bearded dragon breeding process is not difficult. The reptiles only need the right environmental conditions to start laying eggs. A healthy pair of bearded dragon should be enough. Some people recommend having one male and up to five females.
Multiple males in the same space is not a good option. They will fight each other viciously for the females. It is better to have only one male at all times.
A male bearded dragon can breed once it is 9 months or older. For females, the recommended age is 14 months. At this point, female bearded dragons are considered fully developed. Females are fertile since they are 12 months old but breeders wait. Breeding a pair of bearded dragons before they reach full maturity could be dangerous. It is better to wait for the reptiles to grow properly.
For a successful bearded dragon breeding, both specimen should have the right age. Also, the right weight is mandatory. Females should weight 35 grams at least. Breeders recommend to wait until the female is 40 grams. The appropriate weight will guarantee a healthy breeding.
Underweight specimens will be at risk if the owner decides to breed it. Males do not have a specific weight requirement. If the bearded dragon is underweight, consider changing the diet.
Environment is extremely important for the bearded dragon breeding process. To induce the breeding, reduce the temperature to 18°C/65°F, the maximum should be 21°C/70°F. If the temperature is above or below those marks, the bearded dragon will refuse to breed. At night, the temperature should be lower. It is important to keep this fact in control at all times. The terrarium should be misted twice a day. Avoid misting too much. A wet environment will make the bearded dragons uncomfortable. As a consequence, they will avoid each other.
Breeders must keep their bearded dragons on a rigorous diet. It should provide all the nutrients these creatures require. The bearded dragon breeding process could make the specimens lose calcium. If that is the case, the breeder should complement the regular food with insects. Another option are special supplements.
High quality food and environmental conditions will make the breeding process successful. It is not the time to save money.
Females lay eggs every 25-35 days. For a successful laying process, the females require containers. The containers should be large enough so it fits the female comfortably. It should also allow the female to dig 4 inches down. The eggs inside the containers should be moist but no soaking wet. It is necessary to take care of the soil around it. Make sure to hydrate the containers on a regular basis.
Protected and misted inside their containers, the eggs need a special temperature. Each breeder has their preference. The average temperature should be between 20°C/69°C and 26°C/80°F. Eggs hatch after 65 days or it could take up to 90 days. It all depends on the temperature. It is a popular theory that the incubation temperature decides the sex of the reptile. This theory has not been proven with the bearded dragon.
People should refrain from handling the newly born bearded dragons. The handling should not start for about two weeks. This is the time the bearded dragon takes to learn about its surroundings. Handling a baby gecko before they are at least two weeks old is dangerous.
Younger bearded dragons feel more comfortable living in smaller terrariums. If a newly born bearded dragon gets place it a 20 gallon aquarium, it will stop eating. Individual smaller terrariums are better for the younger specimens.
It is possible to determine the sex of a bearded dragon once it is 5 months old. Males grow a bulge under the vent. It is noticeable after it is 5 months or older. Females do not have that bulge.
If Nothing Works
If a pair of bearded dragons are together and refuse to breed, something is wrong. First, evaluate the environmental conditions. Is the temperature right? Is the humidity correct? Do they have enough space? If the environment is right, then consider other factors.
Health issues could keep the bearded dragons from breeding. Evaluate the calcium levels at least once a month. Perhaps one of the bearded dragons is underweight. Both issues could be fixed with the right diet. Talk to an experienced breeder about the issues with your specimens. They will be able to point any condition that could be interrupting the process. Educate yourself and be patient, the bearded dragon breeding process takes some time.